Until the first glasses and bottles for wine appeared at the end of the 17th century, the wine was stored and transported in various containers, among which, in addition to wooden barrels, the most famous amphorae were. In combination with solid cork stoppers, the bottles quickly became established among winemakers, as the wine was safe in them and it could also have aged. Over the years, many different shapes and sizes of bottles of wine made of glass of different colors have developed. Some have become “classic” and others are used for special filling.
The Shape of the Bottles For Wine
The shape of the bottles for wine and the color of the bottle are important factors in the storage and aging of the wine. Light is harmful to the wine, so the bottles are most often made of dark green or brown glass, as transparent glass protects the wine worst. Nevertheless, we also use transparent ones, because this way we highlight the wonderful color of certain types of wine. For archival wines and other wines intended for aging, it is best to use brown bottles in which the wine is properly protected, and its ingredients are best preserved.
One of the design features of the bottles for wine is a concave bottom that gives stability, helps the waiter to stylishly keep the bottle while pouring into glasses, and ensures that carbon dioxide stays stable inside.
The Most Common Form of Bottles for Wine
The shapes of bottles adapted to different needs and requirements, some of which even became characteristic for some wine-growing regions. The bottle consists of a neck, a “shoulder” or a passage of the neck to the body, body, and bottom. The bottles are divided into five basic shapes:
Bordeaux Bottles for Wine
“Bordeaux” is one of the two most common forms of wine bottles. Its name comes from the name of the French city of Bordeaux and is suitable for red and white wines. You will get to know it through the cylindrical body and short neck, and the fast transition between the neck and the body enables control of the possible sediment in the wine. The bottles of wine can be of all colors, but they are usually dark green for red wine, but they can also be transparent for white and rosé. The most common volumes are 0.375 l, 0.75 l, 1 l, and 1.5 l (magnum).
“Burgundy” is another very common form, and its most notable feature is the long passage of the neck into the body of the bottle. This accentuates the curves, but on the other hand, it offers less suitable space for the label. Burgundy is a traditional form of the French province of Burgundy. The bottles are of all colors. All wines are proper for this type – white, red, and orange wines and rosé. Burgundians also have different volumes. The classic is 0.75 l, the others are 0.375 l, 1 l, and 1.5 l (magnum).
This type is less common. It is higher and narrower, and the passage of the neck into the body is made similar to that of Burgundy. Root bottles originate in Germany, more precisely from the Rhine, despite their less common use, its form is known all over the world. The bottles for wine are usually brown or green, and the most common sizes are 0.375 l, 0.75 l, and 1 l.
Alsatian Bottles for wine are also called flutes. It originates from the French province of Alsace. It has a slim and sleek design, while the colors of glass and volume are similar to that of a Rhine bottle, i.e. brown and green, and 0.375 l, 0.75 l, and 1 l of volume.
Champagne bottles are another one with roots in France. It is similar to Burgundy, but it is completely adapted to the type of wine it is intended for. The bottle was developed in Champagne, where champagne originated. The two main features are a thicker wall and bottom glass, and specially designed bottlenecks for fastening the wire that protects the stopper. Glasses are different colors, and the most common are dark green and transparent. Champagne bottles are something special because of the technology of creating champagne and sparkling wine and against the pressure of carbon dioxide that occurs when it is aging.
Another interesting feature of champagne bottles is the variety of sizes or volumes and the typical names of each of them. The most famous is undoubtedly a bottle with a volume of 0.75 l, which we call Bouteille, and from this name, we also created the name “bottle”. Other sizes include Quart (18.75 cl), Demie (37.50 cl), Magnum (1.5 l), Jeroboam or Double-Magnum (3 l), Rehoboam (4.5 l), Mathusalem (6 l) Salmanazar (9 l), Balthazar (12 l) and Nabuchodonosor (15 l).
Special bottle shapes
Although there are a lot of wines on the market in bottles of classic shapes, many other forms are also common. Some are intended only for smaller batches of special wines, others have been selected from individual winemakers, and in the third types bottles for wine, top designers have participated.