Pruners also called as garden pruning shears or secateurs or hand pruners and even garden scissors are a sort of cutting tools for treatment on plants, viticulture, and gardening. Pruning is one of the most significant and beneficial practices in viticulture and horticulture that must be performed irrespective of the type of vine, or the plants type you are growing in your vineyard or garden.
Whether vine or ornamental plants or flowering or fruiting plants, these pruning or cutting methods are vital for your plant health and you should never avoid cutting because of any reason. You all have to be conscious of the advantages of pruning – whether to promote branching and plant growth or to get rid of diseased branches or even improving fruiting and flowering. But O.K. for now, we will not go into particulars of the advantages of pruning.
In this study, we will discover about the different types of garden pruning shears or cutting tools we use in viticulture and home gardening. Many beginners, gardeners, and winegrower are not conscious of the right type of pruners they need. But it is essential to note that using the incorrect pruners might negatively harm your plants or vines instead of fixing it.
So, now let’s look at the different types of Pruners:
1. Hand Garden Pruning Shears or Hand Pruners:
These are the most usually used cutters in home gardening and viticulture. These are of two sorts:
a. Bypass Garden Pruning Shears
b. Anvil Garden Pruning Shears
Bypass garden pruning shears have curved scissor-like knives that overlay. These are perfect for cutting soft and younger branches. These are the regularly used pruners in viticulture and home gardening. Plus, they are useful for obtaining stem cuttings at 45-degree cutting angle for the reproduction of plants from the stem cuttings.
Anvil garden pruning shears are made with a flat lower plate and a straight upper blade. The straight upper blade cuts against a flat lower plate which seems like an anvil. ANVIL means a large iron slab on which heated metals are hammered into form. Well, These Anvil pruners could crush the stem while they cut, and are suitable for woody branches that won’t be wrecked by crushing. So remember to not use them on soft branches that can be crushed. You can use them only on woody or semi-woody branches.
2. Lopping Shears or Lopping Pruners:
These are comparable to the hand garden pruning shears but have extended handles that give a little more range than hand shears. They are proper for heavy-duty pruning for up to three-fourths to 1-inch diameter cuttings. And I’ll repeat. Likewise, these are of two sorts. Bypass and Anvil type.
3. Pole Pruners:
Pole pruners are formed of blades connected to hooks. These hooks are positioned on large poles, and a cord or chain manages the blade, which usually is spring-loaded. Pole pruners can normally touch branches that are 12 feet or more above the terrain. When the use of a ladder is not reasonable, then we typically use this type of pruners.
4. Hedge Shears or Hedge Pruners:
These are intended for fast trimming of hedges. Hedge indicates a barrier or fence fixed by tight growing bushes or shrubs or maybe grass.
This type of hedge shears occurs in a variety of designs and sizes. They have large, angled or straight blades that are sharp and appropriate to cut many branches at once. The larger blades of hedge shears assure an even cut across the plant branches to maintain a balanced and neat design. You can apply them to make an elegant border of various plants.
5. Pruning Saw:
These types appear in a variety of blades and sizes with teeth that are fine or not so fine, and also a folding model is possible. This type of pruning saw should be pretty well-built and handy for the home gardening goals. These saws are usually applied for Stems that are more than 1-1/2 inches in diameter which are typically too big for lopping with shears or hand pruners.
6. Flower Cutter (floral snips).
This is a simplistic bypass pruner to prune tiny flowers or branches. These have a spring system and are lightweight. And they are Best for performing deadheading and also “pinching” method for making your plant bushy and more branching. I’m sure you all are aware of its benefits.
7. Ratchet Pruners:
These type of garden pruning shears significantly diminish the stress of pruning. The ratchet drive enables you to cut thicker stems easily and decreases hand exhaustion. These pruning shears are excellent for anyone with hand injuries or difficulties. But in fact, these pruning shears are good for all those who require additional pressure while cutting.
Remember that for all hand-held mechanisms, it’s always good if you lubricate them well.
8. Last but Not Least. a Plain Scissor Can Do a Bunch of Good Works.
I’m convinced all of you to agree with this. This tool is a convenient and very helpful weapon in gardening.
Happy Viticulture and Gardening!