Let me explain a little bit about the grape. We’re talking about grape and wine. We’re not talking about table grapes here because up here in wine country Slovenia we don’t grow table grapes. A table grape is a big bowl of juice lots and lots of water. A wine grape is a little grape with lots and lots of skin. The skin is where all the flavor is. So it’s essential that the different regions are suitable for different purposes. The southeast Slovenia where we live which is Dolenjska region(Lower Carniola) is very remarkable in the wine world, and that’s because of the diversity.
Red Grape and Wine in Burgundy
If you’re a winemaker in Burgundy France, you’re going to spend most of your life making wine from five or six grapes. Like Pinot Noir maybe Chardonnay maybe some Moscato, Pinot Blanc. Those are the grapes that grow there. It’s very regimented, but it’s also because that particular climate supports those grapes very well. If you live in Bordeaux while you’re making Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Malbec, Merlot, Petit Verdot. Those are your reds.
White Grape and Wine in Burgundy
And then you make your Sauvignon Blanc and your Semillon. That’s pretty much weight you got to work with. Once again. It’s very regulated it’s very standardized, and that’s what grows well there. In small Slovenia, we grow many different kinds of grapes. That’s remarkable. Why? We call it microclimates. We have all these tiny little climates. We have all these little areas of different geology.
Napa Valley Grape and Wine
And for example the Napa Valley. The Napa Valley which is only 30 miles why long and 5 miles wide has more than half of all the soil types in the world in their little microcosm there. If you start in the southern part of Carneros, Los Carneros right by the bay, it’s very cool. But as you travel up the valley, it gets warmer and warmer almost a degree per mile. So you can be 60 degrees down in Carneros and all the way at the top of the valley in Calistoga it can be 90 degrees at the same time.
Down in the bay area, they’re growing Chardonnay and Pinot Noir, the grapes of Burgundy. Up at the top there growing Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot. The Grapes of Bordeaux even the grapes of Croatia Zinfandel. Years ago these to grow a tremendous amount of Zinfandel at the top of the valley. This is all in the same 30 miles.
Winemakers From All Over the World
As a result why makers come from all over the world to work here is because it’s like being a chef. Imagine you were a chef and you spent your entire life working with salt, pepper, mustard, and ketchup, and maybe some Cayenne, some red pepper. And suddenly they let you into a restaurant they say okay we have 150 different spices. Oh my gosh, it’s like you’ve died and gone to heaven. That’s why winemakers love coming in Napa Valley. And so they have winemakers from France, from Australia, from Italy. From all over the world. And it makes for a really interesting community. Depending on where you are. Certain grapes will dominate in Napa which is the most famous for its Cabernet Sauvignon. It is also well known for Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Malbec, Petit Verdot. Those of the classic five red varietals from Bordeaux.
Why Five Types of Red Grapes and Wine?
Why five? These are the grapes that they grow that worked well in Bordeaux that they could blend well. They have a shorter growing season. So they would get caught out by the fact that, you know, this year that year, one grape or another would do better or worse. And maybe with rain during harvest or maybe would get you know hail during the flowering or something. They would have to blend back and forth to get the wine that was well-balanced.
Good Condition for Grape in Napa
In Napa, you know, they get good conditions usually seven years out of 10. In Bordeaux, you get good conditions two years out of 10. And they have a very long growing season. So it’s very easy for them to get their grapes fully ripe most years. In Bordeaux it’s very rare they would sell a hundred percent cabernet sauvignon even a hundred percent Merlot. In Napa routinely do that. Though many of the Cabernet Sauvignon people have here are actually 75% Cabernet but then maybe twenty-five percent Merlot or a little bit of Malbec. Or something to round out the flavor.
Why Cabernet Sauvignon?
Cabernet Sauvignon was a very popular grape here for many reasons. First of all, it’s a big producer. Too, it achieves a very high price. Now, big production, high price. If I were a grower in Napa, I’d probably be growing Cabernet Sauvignon also. The other thing about it it has a very thick skin which makes it very resistant to bugs, to birds, terrain, to whatever. The challenge with it is that that thick skin means that the Sun has to work very hard to go through that skin to make enough sugar. But here in Napa, they don’t have just sunshine. They have multiple levels of sunshine. They have sunny days, they have plentiful sunshine, they have plenty of sunshine, and then they have abundant sunshine. That’s the day when you need your hat your darkest sunglasses, and you look for the shade. It’s fantastic for grapes especially Cabernet Sauvignon.
The next big grape and wine after that is Merlot. I think that one of the reasons Merlot became so popular besides the fact that’s a lovely tasting wine is the fact that it’s easy to say Merlot. You know, you’re in a bar, and you are going to order a glass of wine. You want to impress the girl you’re with it. You can say, hey give me Merlot. It’s a lot easier to say then give me a Cabernet southern or something rather. Or give me a Gewurztraminer or something like that.
Another Reason for Merlot Popularity
All right but that’s one of the reasons that Merlot became so popular. Besides, it’s a big fruity comfortable wine. It doesn’t have a lot of tannins. Tannins many times will get people headaches. Tannin requires wine to be aged a long time. So you can turn that Merlot around faster.
Now there are other wines which are important also. They’re a part of that Malbec. Malbec is becoming more and more popular. Most people know their Malbec from Argentina. And Cabernet Franc, the grape very similar to Cabernet Sauvignon. But the skin is thinner.
One Family of Grapes and Wine
Then there’s the white version of the Bordeaux’s which is Sauvignon Blanc. Now, why am I bringing all these up? Because what I’m talking about here is basically the family. Cabernet Sauvignon is the child a Sauvignon Blanc and Cabernet Franc. These two vines were beside each other in the vineyards, and they get a little, you know, little collusion was going on a little cross-pollination there, and they got developed what was called a clone. And that was Cabernet Sauvignon developed several hundred years ago. And it will out produce the other grapes.
In Bordeaux Again
In Bordeaux where they have a shorter season, the Cabernet Franc will ripen a little bitter. They’ll fill them with a Cabernet Sauvignon. If you’re on the other bank, it’s mostly Merlot. That’s kind of a little-hidden secret that people think of these are simply the Bordeaux blend. Depending on what side of the river you’re on. What’s interesting is that the most famous vineyards in Bordeaux are actually planted on reclaimed land that I was reclaimed by the Dutch back in the 1700s.
Slovenian Grape and Wine
Dolenjska(Lower Carniola) region in Slovenia is very different; we’re just blessed. Regarding of all the places on the planet I felt that Dolenjska was the area most blessed by nature. And considering that we’ve really have not done much to change. Dolenjska it’s amazing. The conditions we have, the temperature levels are just about perfect. But Dolenjska does not live here in splendid solitude. We have a lot of different regions and conditions in such a small country.
So that is the fundamental difficulty for someone organizing a wine holiday in our country. Stay in one region and enjoy in one place or maybe try several regions? Of course, it is also important if you stay for a long or for a short time. If you stay longer than a week, then you are surely able to divide your time into different places.
Lower Carniola Regions
Here is a short explanation of every region to sharpen your desire. So click on our links below and chose your the best. On next pages, we will highlight the sorts of wines offered in that region paired with our advanced accommodation options and journeys.
Goriška Brda – Maribor – Istra – Karst – Jeruzalem – Slovenske Konjice – Bizeljsko/Dolenjska – Vipava